When applying for Social Security disability benefits, claimants should be aware of the two types of disability programs available. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
For both programs, the SSA reviews whether the claimant meets the applicable definition of disabled. The SSA defines "disabled" as follows:
An individual shall be considered to be disabled for purposes of this title if he is unable to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve months.
On the SSA's website, the SSA further describes its standard of disability and how it decides whether the claimant is disabled. If adequate proof of disability is not provided, a claim for either SSDI or SSI benefits will be denied. If a claim for SSDI or SSI benefits is denied, the claimant has a maximum of 65 days to timely appeal.
Social Security Disability Insurance (Title II)
SSDI benefits act as a federal insurance program to workers. Taxes are deducted out of workers' payroll checks. The tax deductions serve as a premium to qualify for SSDI. If a worker has earned 20 Social Security credits in 10 years, then they will have enough work credits to be eligible or SSDI benefits. The SSA's website provides more details on how work credits are earned.
To be eligible for SSDI benefits, the claimant must also be under 65 years old. For SSDI claimants, there are no requirements that the claimant have a limited amount of resources. However, as of June 2014, the SSDI claimant cannot be earning $1070 per month in wages. Of course, to be eligible for SSDI benefits, claimants must meet all other work earnings requirements and proof of disability requirements.